Mundubat began working in Mali in 2018. Our first steps in this country were taken in an extremely unfavourable context, in which the country’s Human Development Index (HDI), which at the time was 0.427 (source: 2019 UNDP Human Development Report), reflected a very complex national and regional panorama.
The conflict initiated in the country in 2012 following the declaration of independence in the north by the Coordination of Azawad Movements, in alliance with jihadist organisations, is still ongoing and poses immense challenges to the articulation and stability of the state. In addition to the situation of conflict, other factors also combine to further intensify the violence that is mainly affecting the northern and central areas of the country: the serious economic situation, political corruption and the impact of the coronavirus pandemic. As a result of this, over 250,000 people have been displaced since 2018, and agricultural production has been severely affected over recent years.
Conflicts between herding communities and sedentary populations are closely linked to the downturn in production and problems with trade channels, which have thrown much of the country into a severe food crisis. Extreme climate events, such as irregular rainfall and persistent drought, alongside the rise in fuel and grain prices exacerbated by the war in Ukraine, together result in a very complex situation in a country in which 90% of the rural population depends on agriculture for their livelihood. The United Nations estimates that in 2022, 7.5 million people in Mali are in need of humanitarian aid.
In light of the above, Mundubat has set in motion an intervention programme designed to develop training processes with female peasant farmers, through the Centre International de Formation en Agroecologie Paysanne Nyeleni de Selingué (CIFAN), and in collaboration with the Mali Coordination Nationale des Organisations Paysannes (CNOP). The main aim is to strengthen the role of female peasant farmers in building sustainable food systems in the country.