BOLIVIA

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Mundubat´s presence in Bolivia

Mundubat started working in Bolivia in 2005, coinciding with the beginning of the process of change led by social movements, which resulted in an indigenous person being elected president of the country for the first time.

Mundubat strives to help with the social transformation process, accompanying the construction of economic and political alternatives driven by progressive social movements. In all our actions we prioritise support for the peasant, indigenous and native confederations that are leading the process of change and which form part of Via Campesina International.  We also develop projects with women’s and feminist organisations in urban, suburban and rural regions.

The fight for an alternative political and social project, represented by the Process of Change initiated in 2005, has now shifted to inside the hegemonic block, where ideological contradictions between different sectors only serve to increase internal tensions. The resolution of these tensions depends mainly on finding ways of ensuring a peaceful and complementary coexistence between the political projects of the peasant and indigenous populations, whose conceptual, philosophical, ideological and historic differences constitute divergent forces that undermine the stability of the process. To this end, it is important to take the organic structure of the peasant movement into account. The dynamics of this movement are reflected in Bolivian law and the State apparatus: the transparency, participation and social surveillance and planning laws of the new Patriotic Agenda involve all stakeholders, from social movements to State institutions.

 

In the economic sphere, the redistributive policies enacted from 2005 onwards have objectively improved the living conditions of the Bolivian population, particularly among historically marginalised groups. Nevertheless, the Bolivian State has failed to modify the productive matrix designated by the global economic system as the supplier of raw materials with no added value. Although mining operations have been regulated more strictly since 2005, the logic behind the functioning of this industry and the participation of international capital in its production and exploitation, coupled with large-scale agriculture (soybeans and cocoa), has generated tension between the peasant movement and agri-business interests.

In relation to the gender situation, violence against women continues to be a scourge upon which the profuse legislative development by the Bolivian parliament and executive, in which the feminist movement has played a key role, has had little impact. To all this, we must add the scattered nature of the feminist movement and the difficulties it is currently facing in its attempts to make headway on the basis of achievements rooted in a common agenda.

 

The lines which we have developed at present are:

Gender and Feminisms

We work on law recognition processes led by female promoters who, in coordination with the public authorities, strive to fill in existing gaps in the implementation of the Act Against Gender-based Violence. Our aim is to strengthen their political advocacy capabilities in relation to the State institutions.

Food Sovereignty

We work with peasant and native indigenous organisations to consolidate the Food Sovereignty of the Bolivian people, by providing support for community-based agri-environmental production models (OECOMs) that are rooted in age-old traditions and techniques and in which peasant communities are the principal stakeholders. The union confederations of women are our priority, since it is they who lead the initiatives at a local, national and international level.

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